See also relevant entries at EDUCATION AND SCHOOLS and at YOUTH


                 User can note also that Michel Dorais (below) is the author of some additional

                 works, not listed here, some of which concern child and adolescent sexual abuse.




“5 Teens Jailed for ‘Execution’.”  Vancouver Sun, November 27, 1985, p. A8.

                             Murder of Kenneth Zeller in Toronto.


Adam, Barry D.

            “Theorizing Homophobia.”  Sexualities 1(4) (Nov. 1998): 387-404.

                                    “Assesses contemporary theories of homophobia.  Structural,

                                    feminist, comparative, gender panic, queer, & sociohistorical

                                    theories…” – from Sociological Abstracts.

                                    Author affiliation: University of Windsor.


Adams, Michael, and Langstaff, Amy.

                        “New Canadians, Old Values? Politicians Who Open Their Mouths about

                        Sexuality and Sexual Mores May Get Bitten.”  Globe & Mail [Toronto],

                        March 2, 2005, p. A17  (1026 words).

                                                Ref.: CPI.Q index.

                                                Concerns Stephen Harper’s appeal to new immigrants and what he thinks

                                                are their more conservative moral values, concerning same-sex marriage,

                                                for example.  The authors take a closer look at whether there is a

                                                “values-match between Conservatives and new Canadians.”


Addressing Homophobia in relation to HIV/AIDS in Aboriginal Communities:

                        Final Report of the Environmental Scan 2004-05.  Principal investigator,

                        Art Zoccole; co-principal investigator, Janice Ristock; co-investigator,

                        Kevin Barlow; research coordinator, Joyce Seto.  Ottawa, ON: Canadian

                        Aboriginal AIDS Network, [2005?].

                        (113 p.)

                                                Available also as electronic (pdf) document at:


                                                NOTE: annotated bibliography, pp. 109-112, which includes

                                                Canadian items.


Aggarwal, Arjun P., and Gupta, Madhu M.

            “Same-Sex Sexual Harassment: Is It Sex Discrimination?: A Review of

            Canadian and American Law.”  Manitoba Law Journal 27(2000):



Aguinaldo, Jeffrey.

            “Partner Abuse in Gay Male Relationships: Challenging ‘We Are Family’.”

            M.A. thesis, Wilfrid Laurier University, 2000.

            (128 p.)


Akpodiete, Tari.

     “Opening the Door on Lesbian Violence.”  Herizons 7(1) (Spring 1993): 13.


Balan, Angie; Chorney, Rhonda; and Ristock, Janice L.

            Training and Education Project for Responding to Abuse in Lesbian Relationships:

          Final Report.  Ottawa, Ont.: Health Canada, Family Violence Prevention Division, 1995.

            (89 p.)


Balanko, Shelley Lynn.

            “Anti-Gay Violence at the University of Saskatchewan: Occurrences,

            Mental and Physical Health Consequences, and Perceived Effectiveness

            of Support Services.”  M.A. thesis, University of Saskatchewan, 1997.

            (viii, 136 leaves)


Bals, Myriam.

            Etude exploratoire sur les attitudes, les sentiments et les connaissances d’élèves

            de secondaire IV et V de la région de Lanaudière, envers l’homosexualité et

            la bisexualité.  Sous la direction de Martine Martin.

            St-Charles-Borromée, QC: Direction de la santé publique, Régie régionale de

            la santé et des services sociaux de Lanaudière, 2001.

            (ca. 81 p.; ISBN 2894750889)


Banks, Christopher.

     The Co$t of Homophobia: Literature Review on the Economic Impact of

     Homophobia on Canada.  Saskatoon, Sask.: Community-University Institute

     for Social Research, c2004.

     (66 p.)

                             Ref.: University of Saskatchewan Library catalogue, which displays a

                             summary giving, in part, that “[r]esearch was reviewed regarding

                             the negative results of homophobia on gays, lesbians and bisexuals (GLB),

                             and the economic impact of such negative effects….The reviewed research

                             showed that GLB and heterosexuals are equivalent in terms of

                             psychological and psychosocial health and functioning, but that GLB have

                             a shorter life expectancy and face health risks and social problems at a

                             greater rate than heterosexuals. The reasons for these increased problems is

                             the chronic stress placed on GLB from coping with society’s negative

                             responses and stigmatization.”

                             The University of Saskatchewan Library catalogue notes also an earlier

                             74-page publication of almost identical title: The Cost of Homophobia:

                             Literature Review of the Economic Impact of Homophobia on Canada

                             (Saskatoon, Sask.: Gay and Lesbian Health Services Saskatoon, c2001)

                             See also the following Banks entry.      


Banks, Christopher.

     The Cost of Homophobia: Literature Review on the Human Impact of Homophobia

                 on Canada.  Saskatoon, Sask.: Community-University Institute for Social

                 Research, c2003.

                 (81 p.)

                             Ref.: University of Saskatchewan Library catalogue, which displays the

                             following summary: “This study reviewed research related to

                             homophobia’s negative results on gays, lesbians, and bisexuals…

                             in terms of its human impact, which was defined as the number of

                             ‘pre-mature’ [premature] deaths caused by homophobia.”

                                    See also the preceding Banks entry.


Beauchamp, Diane L.

            L’orientation sexuelle et la victimisation, 2004.  Ottawa : Centre canadien de

            la statistique juridique, c2008.

            (14 p.)

                        Ref. : AMICUS catalogue record no. 33963144.


Benedet, Janine.

            “Same-Sex Sexual Harassment in Employment.”  Queen’s Law Journal 26

            (Fall 2000): 101-141.

                                    Ref.: Index to Canadian Legal Literature description indicates

                             that this deals with both Canada and the United States.


Billy, Pierre de.

     “Et toi Savha?”  Justice 14(6) (été 1992): 41-42.

                  “Présentation du nouveau service d’accueil et d’accompagnement aux

                  victimes homosexuelles d’agression sexuelle à Montréal” – Repère résumé.


“Blaming the Victim: Intolerance Masquerading as Rights.”  Briarpatch 29(7)

            (September 2000): 8-9  (961 words).

About Scott Brockie, owner of a Toronto print shop, who refused a printing

job for Canadian Lesbian and Gay Archives.  Ontario Human Rights

Commission judged against him and fined him.

                                                See also, e.g., “Rights Board Fines Printer for Refusing Gay Business,”

National Post, March 3, 2000, p. A8 and “Printer Appeals Rights

Decision,” Globe and Mail [Metro ed.], December 10, 2001, p. A20.


Blenman, Adrienne.

     “The Hand That Hits Is Not Always Male.”  Canadian Woman Studies 11(4)

    (Summer 1991): 60-62.


“Bookstore Bombings ‘Unsettling’.”  Globe and Mail, January 10, 1992, p. C3.

                  Little Sister’s Book and Art Emporium, Vancouver.


Browning, Catherine.

        “Probing Themes of Silence on Lesbian Partner Abuse: Exploring the

       Community’s Influence.”  MA thesis, Carleton University, 1995.

       (189 p.)

                     “A tradition of silence has and continues to constrain research on abuse

                     in lesbian communities” – abstract from Canadian Research Index.



Burgess, Allison.

                        “Disrupting Heterosexual Space? The Implementation of a Campus

Positive Space Campaign”  Thesis, Brock University, 2005.

                                                Ref.: Brock University Web page “Social Justice and Equity Studies,

                                                Student Research, Completed Theses and Major Research

Papers,” at 

(viewed October 20, 2008).


Burgess, Alison [Allison?].

                        “Queering Heterosexual Spaces: Positive Space Campaigns Disrupting

                        Campus Heteronormativity.”  Canadian Woman Studies 24 (2-3)

                        (Winter-Spring 2005): 27-30.

                                                Positive Space Campaign at Brock University increased queer

                                                visibility and reacted against campus homophobia. See the

Burgess thesis reference, above in this section.


Camargo, Robert J., and Loftus, John Allan.

        “Child Sexual Abuse among Troubled Clergy: A Descriptive Summary.”

                     Paper presented at the annual convention of the American Psychological

                     Association, 100th, Washington, D.C., August 14-18, 1992.

                     (33 p.; available in paper or on microfiche from EDRS, Springfield,


                     “Study participants were males who had sought treatment at Southdown,

                     a Canadian institution….”  Investigation included homosexual activity,

                     but was broader in scope – NISC Gay & Lesbian Abstracts.


The Campus Closet: Institutional Homophobia in Ontario Post-Secondary Education.

                                    Toronto: Ontario Federation of Students, 1991.

                                    (42 p.)

                                                            Contents: Part 1.  Homophobia on Campus / Jeff Orchard --

                                                            Part 2. Heterosexism and Homophobia in the Classroom / Rory Crath

                                                            and Peter Regier.  Bibliography: p. 41-42.


Carlson, Myrna L. (Myrna Lynn), 1961-

                        “Silenced Voices: Lesbians Healing from Partner Abuse.”  M.A. thesis,

                        Dalhousie University, 2002.

                                                Ref.: AMICUS catalogue record no. 28584026, which notes that

                                                this “analysis of lesbian partner abuse reports on research involving

                                                four interviews with case study participants who self-defined as having

                                                experienced abuse in an intimate lesbian relationship, and two focus group

                                                sessions with four community activists who had responded to lesbian

                                                partner abuse….” 


Cey, Robert Owen.

                                    “A Qualitative Investigation of Gay Men’s Experiences of Homophobic Violence

                                    and Verbal Abuse.”  M.Ed. thesis, University of Alberta, 2000.

                                    (ca. 149 leaves)

                                                            Spine title: “Gay Men’s Experiences of Homophobic Abuse.”


Chaimowitz, G. A.

                                    “Homophobia among Psychiatric Residents, Family Practice Residents and

                                    Psychiatric Faculty.”  Canadian Journal of Psychiatry 36(3) (April 1991):


                                                Draws on “questionnaire data from 19 psychiatric residents,

                                                            22 family practice residents, & 31 psychiatric faculty members in a

                        medium-sized Canadian medical school” –from Sociological Abstracts.


Challenging Homophobia: An Addendum to Skills for Healthy Relationships. 

                        [Kingston, Ont.]: Social Program Evaluation Group, Queen’s University, [1995?].

                        (1 v., various pagings)

                                                Ref.: AMICUS catalogue no. 27240196, which notes from title page of

                                                work that project sponsored by Council of Ministers of Education

                                                Canada and funded by the AIDS Education and Prevention Unit under the

                                                National AIDS Strategy, Health Canada.  Target audience given as

Grade 9.



“Challenging Homophobia in Schools.”  Teacher Librarian [Vancouver] 28(4)

              (April 2001): 27-30.

                                                            Brief annotated list of primary-level fiction; intermediate,

                                                            secondary, and adult fiction and non-fiction; parent and

                                                            professional resources; items on transgender issues; videos.  Only a

                                                            few items are Canadian.


Chambers, Stuart, 1966-

                        The Moral Minority: Identifying, Analyzing, and Exposing Homophobes.

                        Renfrew, Ont.: General Store Pub. House, [2005].

                        (125 p.; ISBN 1897113161)

                                                Ref.: AMICUS catalogue record no. 30909651, which applies descriptors

                                                Homophobia, Homophobia in literature, Mass media and gays, and

                                                Gay authors.


Champagne, Cheryl; Lapp, Ruth; and Lee, Julie.

                                    Assisting Abused Lesbians: A Guide for Health Professionals and Service

                                    Providers.  London, Ont.: London Battered Women’s Advocacy Centre, 1994.

(11 p.)


Charania, Gulzar Raisa.

                        “Regulated Narratives in Anti-homophobia Education: Complications in

Coming Out Stories.”  Canadian Woman Studies 24 (2-3) (Winter-Spring 2005):


                                                In addition to looking at the role of coming out stories in education

                                                programs, the author discusses how her identities as both lesbian and

                                                Muslim interact, making it difficult for lesbian identification.


Chesley, Laurie C.; MacAulay, Donna; and Ristock, Janice L.

               Abuse in Lesbian Relationships: A Handbook of Information & Resources.

               2nd ed.; Toronto Counselling Centre for Lesbians and Gays, 1992.

               (32 p.; ISBN 0969524919)


Chesley, Laurie C.; MacAulay, Donna; and Ristock, Janice.

               Abuse in Lesbian Relationships: Information and Resources = La violence dans

               les relations lesbiennes: information et ressources.  Edited by Cynthia

               Stewart.  Ottawa, Ont.: Health Canada = Santé Canada, 1998.

               (22, 25 p.; ISBN 066264719X; Microlog no. 100-03565, 1 fiche; in English

               and French)

                             An earlier work with same author/title, also available in English

                             and French, is cited immediately before this entry, with English

                             reference only given.


“Christian University Targets Gay Staffers: Code of Behaviour.”  National Post,

                                    July 4, 2001, p. A9.

                                                            King’s University College, Edmonton.


Church, Robin L.

                        “The Effects of Perceived Workplace Discrimination on the Basis of Sexual

                        Orientation on the Mentoring Relationships of Gay and Lesbian Proteges.”

                        Ph.D. dissertation, University of Toronto, 2006.

                        (101 p.; ISBN 9780494219409)

                                                “…examined in a sample of 479 employed gay men and lesbians in

                                                Canada and the United States….” – from abstract, ProQuest

                                                Dissertations & Theses, ProQuest document ID 1273114101;

                                                Publication no. AAT NR21940


Chutter, Kerry.

                        “Opening Our Awareness to Heterosexist and Homophobic Attitudes in Society.”

                        Relational Child and Youth Care Practice [Nanaimo, BC] 20(3)

(Fall 2007): 22-27.


Clark, Campbell.

                        “MP Says She is Sorry for Antigay Remark: Alliance’s Gallant Says She

Regrets Telling Graham, “Ask Your Boyfriend,” in House.” Globe and Mail

[Toronto], April 16, 2002, n.p.   (375 words)

                                                Ref.: CPI.Q index.

                                                The two people referred to in the title are:

                                                Foreign Affairs Minister Bill Graham (Liberal Party) and

                                                Cheryl Gallant, Alliance MP for Renfrew-Nipissing-Pembroke (Ont.)


Clarke, Juanne N.

                        “Homophobia Out of the Closet in the Media Portrayal of HIV/AIDS

                        1991, 1996 and 2001: Celebrity, Heterosexism and the Silent Victims.”

                        Critical Public Health 16(4) (December 2006): 317-330.

                                                Ref.: PsycINFO index, which provides abstract and notes that the

                                                “paper presents the results of a critical discourse analysis of the

                                                portrayal of HIV/AIDS in the 20 highest circulating mass print media

                                                magazines in Canada in 1991, 1996 and 2001.”


Cohen, Jonathan.

              “More Censorship or Less Discrimination?: Sexual Orientation Hate Propaganda

                                    in Multiple Perspectives.”  McGill Law Journal 46(Nov. 2000): 69-104.


Committee on Lesbian and Gay Legal Issues and Rights.

                                    Submissions on Bill C-41.  Ottawa, Ont.: Canadian Bar Association, 1995.

                                                            Not seen.

                                                            Ref.: as given in Lahey, Are We ‘Persons’ Yet?, p. 421, ftnt. 26,

                        at which Lahey indicates that there are data in the document on

                        hate crimes against lesbians and gays.


“A Community in Fear: Gays in Montreal Live with Violence.”

        Maclean’s [Toronto ed.], November 29, 1993, pp. 12-13  (1140 words).

                     Concerns Warren Eling murder.  See also RELIGION: ANGLICAN

                     CHURCH section for other references.


Courtney, Joseph.

                                    “Gay Men at Work: The Experience of Violence and Discrimination in St. John’s,

                                    NF.”  Work-in-progress by Master’s candidate, Memorial University of

                                    Newfoundland, 2000.

                                                            Ref.: The Heterosexism Enquirer resources page, last revised

                                                            on August 1, 2000 and examined on January 20, 2003 at

               . The site offers some comments on

                        findings of the investigation.  Compiler has no more information.


Cramer, Elizabeth, ed.

                        Addressing Homophobia and Heterosexism on College Campuses. 

                        Binghamton, NY: Harrington Park Press, c2002.

This is an American item. Included because review in PsycINFO index 

states that “the book also includes…case studies from the U.S.,

                                                Canada and Australia.” For that reason it may be of some interest to a

                                                user of this list. The book is a collection of articles wide ranging in

                                                subject. OCLC catalogue record notes that book co-published

                                                simultaneously as Journal of Lesbian Studies, vol. 6, nos. 3 and 4 (2002).


Dafnos, Tia.

                        “What Does Being Gay Have To Do with It? A Feminist Analysis of the Jubran

                        Case.”  Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice 49(5) (Dec. 2007):

                        561+  (25 pages)

                                                Ref.: Expanded Academic ASAP index.

                                                Case of Azmi Jubran and Vancouver School Board. In this case

                                                concerning homophobic harassment and the resulting human rights

                                                complaint, apparently Jubran did not identify as homosexual.


Daniels, Susan Margaret.

                        “Attitudes towards Sexual Orientation: Adolescent Perspectives in

                        Newfoundland. ”  M.Ed. thesis, Acadia University, 2005.

                        (111 leaves; ISBN 0494057289 (microfiche))

                                                Ref.: AMICUS catalogue record no. 33224549, which includes

                                                descriptors Homophobia and Internalized homophobia.


Davidson, Judy.

                        “Homophobia, Fundamentalism, and Canadian Tolerance: Enabling Gay Games

                        III in Vancouver.”  International Journal of Canadian Studies, issue 35 (2007):



Davis, Laura M.

              “Homophobia/Homosexism and Gender Role Rigidity: A Study in the Social

               Construction and Control of Masculinity.”  MA thesis, Concordia University,


               (183 p.)

                             “Explores the connection between the higher incidence of gender role

                             rigidity and homophobia/homosexism in men.  Thirty in-depth interviews

                             were conducted with female and male undergraduate students at

                             Concordia University” – abstract from Canadian Research Index..


De l’illégalité à l’égalité.

               SEE entry at Québec (Province). Commission des droits…, in this section.


“A Devoted Priest, a Gay Man.”  Anglican Journal 120(3) (March 1994): 14-15

               (2487 words).

                             Concerns murder of Warren Eling in Quebec.  Earlier reports in

                             same journal, February 1994, p. 13;  Jan. 1994, p. 7;  and

                             Dec. 1993, p. 11.


Dopler, Tania Sharp.

               “Lesbophobia in Feminist Organizations: An Examination of the Effect of

               Organizational Structure and Sociopolitical Context on the Expression of

               Lesbophobia.”  MA thesis, Carleton University, 1997.

               (145 p.)

                             “Examines lesbophobia in feminist organizations in English Canada…

                             [and] argues that [it] is endemic…” – abstract from Canadian Research



Dorais, Michel.

               “Les conduites à risque de transmission du VIH chez des jeunes hommes ayant

               subi des agressions sexuelles et ayant des rapports homosexuels.”

               Revue sexologique 6(2) (automne 1998): 159-189.

                             “Recherche mettant en lumière les séquelles psychologiques de l’abus

                             et les patterns de conduite face au sida; quelques pistes pour la

                             prévention du sida auprès de ces victimes d’abus sexuels” – Repère



Dorais, Michel.

           “The Coping Strategies of Boys Who Are Victims of Sexual Abuse.”

           The Social Worker 64(3) (Fall 1996): 75-88.

                             Interview survey of 30 young men in Canada – from Sociological



Dorais, Michel.

              “Dérives intimes: les conduites à risque de transmission du VIH chez des

               jeunes hommes ayant subi des agressions sexuelles et ayant des rapports

               homosexuels.”  Intervention 106 (avril 1998): 20-34.


Dorais, Michel, et Verdier, Eric.

                        Petit manuel de gayrilla à l’usage des jeunes, ou, Comment lutter contre

      l’homophobie au quotidien.   Béziers [France?]: H&O, 2005.

                        (173 p.; ISBN 9782845471016)

                                                This may be same work as Sains et saufs [?], listed below.


Dorais, Michel, and Verdier, Eric.

                        Sains et saufs: petit manuel de lutte contre l’homophobie à l’usage des jeunes.

                        Montréal : VLB, 2005.

                        (ca. 176 p.; ISBN 2890059170)

                                                This may be same work as Petit manuel de gayrilla… [?], listed above.


Dowler, Ken.

                                     “Intolerance, Ignorance, and Insensitivity: An Examination of Anti-Gay Attitudes

                                    and Behaviours within a University Population.”  M.A. thesis, University of

                                    Windsor, 1999.

                                    (175 p.)


Driedger, Sharon D.

               “Fear and Loathing: A Brutal Murder Raises Concerns about Violence against

               Gays.”  Maclean’s [Toronto ed.], October 26, 1998, p. 78  (1290 words).

                             Wyoming, USA, murder of Matthew Shepard is starting point for

                             discussion of violence against gays in Canada.  Toronto murder in

                             1985 of Kenneth Zeller and other incidents referred to.


Emond, Ariane.

               “L’homophobie rampante.”  La Gazette des femmes 16(5) (mars-avril 1995): 14.


England, Mark.

               “Homophobia in Saskatchewan.”  Briarpatch [Saskatchewan] 17(3)

                (April 1988): 2.


“The Evil That Boys Do: Kenn Zeller’s Death.”  Globe and Mail [Metro ed.],

               May 1, 1986, p. 60+.

                             Murder of Kenneth Zeller in Toronto.


“Famous Players Drops Same-sex Advertisements: Movie Chain Decides on New

   Policy after Receiving Threatening Calls.”  Globe and Mail [Toronto ed.],

               February 19, 2005, p. A10.


Faulkner, Ellen.

                        “Anti-gay/lesbian Violence in Calgary, Alberta: The Impact on Individuals and

                        Communities.”  Report for the Gay and Lesbian Communities/Police Liaison

                        Committee.  Calgary, AB: Calgary Police Services, 2001.

                                                Ref.: E. Faulkner list of publications at Brock University, Department

                                                of  Sociology Web site, viewed October 21, 2008, at:



Faulkner, Ellen.

                        “Anti-gay/lesbian Violence in New Brunswick: The Impact on Individuals and

                        Communities.”  Report for Pride Fredericton, Fredericton, New Brunswick,


                                                Ref.: E. Faulkner list of publications at Brock University, Department

                                                of  Sociology Web site, viewed October 21, 2008 at:



Faulkner, Ellen.

               Anti-Gay/Lesbian Violence in Toronto: The Impact on Individuals and

               Communities.  Edited by Karen Baldwin and Deborah Hierlihy.

               Ottawa, Ont.: Dept. of Justice Canada, 1997.  (Technical Report TR 1997-5e

               of the Policy Sector, Research and Statistics Division, Dept. of Justice


               (79 p.)

                             “A project of the 519 Church Street Community Centre [Toronto] Victim

                             Assistance Program” – Toronto Public Library catalogue note.


Faulkner, Ellen.

                        “Homophobic Hate Propaganda in Canada.”  Journal of Hate Studies

                        5 (1) (2006/2007): 63-98.

                                                Ref.: E. Faulkner list of publications at Brock University, Department

                                                of  Sociology Web site, viewed October 21, 2008 at:


                                                Note that her list adds the following regarding this citation:

“Special Issue on Hate and Communication” and “Gonzaga University

School of Law, Institute for Action Against Hate.”


Faulkner, Ellen.

                        “Homophobic Sexist Violence in Canada: Trends in the Experiences of Lesbian

                        and Bisexual Women in Canada.”  Canadian Woman Studies 25 (1,2)

                        (Winter/Spring 2006): 154-161.

                                                Ref.: E. Faulkner list of publications at Brock University, Department

                                                of  Sociology Web site, viewed October 21, 2008 at:


                                                Note that her list adds the following regarding this citation:

“Special Issue ‘Ending Woman Abuse’ ”.

Additional ref.: CBCA index.


Faulkner, Ellen.

               “Lesbian Abuse: The Social and Legal Realities.”  Queen’s Law Journal 16

               (Summer 1991): 261-286.


Faulkner, Ellen.

                        “Researching Anti-gay/lesbian Violence in Canada: Methodological and

                        Definitional Issues.”  International Journal of Comparative Criminology

                        3 (2) (2004): 149-174.

                                                Ref.: E. Faulkner list of publications at Brock University, Department

                                                of  Sociology Web site, viewed October 21, 2008 at:


User can note that Faulkner published a paper with a more general title,

“Hate Crime in Canada,” in the same journal, vol. 2, no. 2 (2003): 239-

261, according to her publications list.                     


Faulkner, Ellen.

                        “Woman-to-woman Abuse: Analyzing Extant Accounts of Lesbian Battering.”

                        In Unsettling Truths: Battered Women, Policy, Politics, and Contemporary

                        Research in Canada, pp. 52-62.  Edited by George S. Rigakos and Kevin D.

                        Bonnycastle.  Vancouver: The Collective Press, 1998.

                                                Ref.: E. Faulkner list of publications at Brock University, Department

                                                of  Sociology Web site, viewed October 21, 2008 at:



Faulkner, Mary Ellen.

               “A Case Study of the Institutional Response to Anti-Gay/Lesbian Violence in

               Toronto.”  Ph.D. dissertation, University of Toronto, 1999.

               (269 p.)


Faulkner, M. Ellen.

                                    “Empowering Victim Advocates: Organizing against Anti-Gay/Lesbian

                                    Violence in Canada.”  Critical Criminology 10(2)(2001): 123-135.

                                                            “Provides an account of an emancipatory, community-based

                                                            response to anti-gay/lesbian violence in Canada by outlining

                                                            the model developed by The 519 Church Street Community

                        Centre Anti-Violence Programme [in Toronto]….” –abstract in OCLC



Faulkner, Mary Ellen.

               “Lesbian Battering and Feminist Theory.”  MA thesis, Queen’s University, 1991.

               (204 p.)

                             Has attempted to show “how feminist theories create a male violence

                             oriented construct through which it is difficult to explain lesbian

                             battering” – abstract from Canadian Research Index/UMI.


Fédération des CLSC du Québec.

               Consultation publique sur la discrimination et la violence dont sont victimes les

               lesbiennes et gais du Québec: mémoire déposé par la Fédération des CLSC

               du Québec à la Commission des droits de la personne du Québec.

               Montréal: la Fédération, 1993.

               (10 p.; ISBN 2921524317)


Field, Ann-M.

                        “Counter-hegemonic Citizenship, Hate Crimes and the Safety of Lesbians, Gays,

                        Bisexuals and Transgendered (LGBT) People in Canada, 1993-2003:

                        Perspectives on Violence Targeted at LGBT Communities in Ottawa.”

                        Ph.D. dissertation, Carleton University, 2005.

                        (428 p.; ISBN 9780494083291)

                                                See also entry following, carrying similar title.

                                                “…focuses on Canadian citizenship and how the boundaries of this

                                                citizenship regime can be challenged to include groups who, despite

                                                being endowed with legal citizenship, remain outside the realm of

                                                substantive citizenship….The presence of [violence against LGBT

                                                people]…is an indicator that LGBT people are denied access to

                                                substantive citizenship….I argue that being safe is a necessary condition

                                                for the enjoyment of citizenship….” – from abstract, ProQuest

                                                Dissertations & Theses, ProQuest document ID 1014321591;

                                                Publication no. AAT NR08329


Field, Ann-Marie.

            “Counter-hegemonic Citizenship : LGBT Communities and the Politics of

            Hate Crimes in Canada.”  Citizenship Studies 11(3) (July 2007): 247-262.


Filax, Gloria.

            “Producing Homophobia in Alberta, Canada in the 1990s.” 

            Journal of Historical Sociology 17(1) (2004): 87-120.

                        USER NOTE: CSA Sociological Abstracts notes this article title as

                        having been published in Sciences Sociales et Santé 21(3) (Sept. 2003) :


                        “The cultural heritage of the province is marked by lingering Christian

                        fundamentalism.  This legacy is clearly epitomized by the 1990’s

                        campaigns of the weekly Alberta Report to challenge the rights of sexual

                        minorities….” – from abstract, America: History & Life index.

                        “Based on articles in the Alberta Report, the Edmonton Journal, and the

                        Calgary Herald, and secondary sources” – note in America: History &

                        Life index record.


Firestone, Danny, et al.

               Homophobia and Education: A Primer. Developed by Danny Firestone et al. for

               Education Against Homophobia.  Toronto: s.n., 1994.

               (16 p.)


From Illegality to Equality.

        SEE entry at Québec (Province). Commission des droits…, in this section.


Fulford, Robert.

“Lex Luthor Hearts Superman: Your Tax Dollars at Work,”

  National Post, Oct. 13, 2007 (viewed on line, October 6, 2008).

                                    See fuller entry at Battis in EDUCATION section, which references

                                    Battis’s response and items by Battis and Pearson in English Studies

                                    in Canada. Battis’s response to Fulford in the National Post, Oct. 15/07,

                                    mentioned “Battis’s work on at-risk gay and lesbian youth and the

history of LGBT teenlit” and “undertones of homophobia” in Fulford’s

article (response also viewed on line, Oct. 6, 2008)


Fulton, Keith L.

               “Blowing the Whistle on Hatred: Demonstrating against Homophobia.”

               Atlantis: A Women’s Studies Journal 21(1) (Fall 1996): 158-165.

                           Toleration; protests; universities; Winnipeg; homophobia; freedom of



“Gang of Boys ‘All Followers’ in Beating Death.”  Calgary Herald,

               December 5, 1985, p. A5.

                           Murder of Kenneth Zeller in Toronto.


Gay and Lesbian Educators of British Columbia.

                                    Challenging Homophobia in Schools.  Vancouver: GALE BC, 2000.

                                     (1 volume, loose-leaf)

                                                            Refs.: AMICUS catalogue record no. 27465535 and GALE BC

                                                            Web site at .

                                                            The GALE BC Web site “Resources and Publications” page states,

                                                            as of February 12, 2003, that “this resource includes lots

                                                            of practical lesson plans from K-12 as well as a rationale on why

                                                            schools need to teach about sexual orientation.  A comprehensive

                                                            background section on homophobia and heterosexism includes

                                                            information on: negative myths…, coming out issues, counselling

                                                            ideas, violence prevention strategies, dealing with anti-gay slurs

                                                            and how to support students by starting gay-straight alliances in


                                                            The interested user should explore this Web site more thoroughly

                                                            for information on events, meetings, publications, and much more.

                        The organization’s earlier publication, “Counselling Lesbian and Gay

                        Youth” [1996?] is apparently now out of print.


“Gay-Bashing Incidents on Rise in Toronto.”  Globe and Mail, October 15, 1998,

                                    pagination not known.


“Gay Bashing Suburb Sport, Inquiry Told.”  Globe and Mail, June 27, 1991, p. A7.


“Gay Discrimination Focus of Hearings: Slayings of 14 Homosexual Men a

               Backdrop to Quebec Rights Probe.”  Globe and Mail [Metro ed.],

               November 15, 1993, p. A4.


“Gay Students Face Taunts, Isolation and Even Suicide.”  Gazette [Montreal],

               August 31, 2001, pp. A1, A2.

                           About Montreal students.


“Gerald Hannon v. The Dinosaurs.”  Globe & Mail [Toronto], April 17, 2004, p. R3

                        (710 words).

                                                Ref: CPI.Q index.

                                                Concerns continuing reference to Gerald Hannon, many years after

his publication of  several articles about gay youth and consent issues.

Hannon is quoted: “It’s funny how this thing never dies. It settles down

for a while, and then it surfaces again,” as a “tissue of truths, half-truths

and outright lies.”  Hannon is a Toronto journalist.


Grace, André P.

                         “Reparative Therapies: A Contemporary Clear and Present Danger across

                        Minority Sex, Sexual, and Gender Differences.”  Canadian Woman Studies

                        24(2-3) (Winter-Spring 2005): 145-151.

                                                Ref. CBCA index.


Groupe de travail mixte contre l’homophobie.

                        De l’égalité juridique à l’égalité sociale : vers une stratégie nationale de lutte

                        contre l’homophobie / rapport de consultation du Groupe de travail mixte

                        contre l’homophobie ; conception et rédaction du rapport Monik Audet ;

                        sous la direction de Marc-André Dowd.  [Québec (Province)] : Commission

                        des droits de la personne et des droits de la jeunesse, [2007].

                        (107 p.)

                                                Ref.: AMICUS catalogue record no. 33416231, which gives

                                                added title: Vers une stratégie nationale de lutte contre


                                                Running title: Rapport de consultation du Groupe de travail mixte

                                                contre l’homophobie.

Document adopted by the Commission “lors de sa 520e séance

tenue le 19 janvier 2007….”

                                                AMICUS record 34011949 is record of electronic version of document

                                                (102 p.) with access restricted to subscribing institutions.


Guay, Françoise.

                       La violence conjugale chez les lesbiennes: une recension critique.

               Montréal; Sainte-Foy, Québec: Centre de recherche interdisciplinaire sur

               la violence familiale et la violence faite aux femmes, 1999.

               (86 p.; ISBN 2921768194)


Guidotto, Nadia.

                 “Homo(sexual) Sacer : Biopolitics and the Bathhouse Raids in Toronto, 1981

                 (Agamben, Giorgio, Negri, Antonio, Hardt, Michael, Ontario)”.  LL.M thesis,

                 York University, 2006.

                 (ISBN 9780494295663)

                               Ref.: AMICUS catalogue record no. 33839706

                               The following is excerpted from summary in the AMICUS record:

               On February 5, 1981… one hundred and fifty police officers 
raided four gay bathhouses. During these raids, queer bodies and desires
came to be constructed as diseased, perverse and criminal. To help
understand why this is the case, I set the raids against the backdrop of 
Michel Foucault's conception of biopolitics…”


Haddock, Geoffrey, and Zanna, Mark P.

               “Authoritarianism, Values, and the Favorability and Structure of Antigay

                                    Attitudes.”  In Stigma and Sexual Orientation: Understanding Prejudice

                                    against Lesbians, Gay Men, and Bisexuals, pp. 82-107. Edited by Gregory

                                    M. Herek.  Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1998.

                                    Lead author with British university; Canadian-trained.  PsycINFO

                                                            “population” and “identifier” fields give “Canada”

                                                            The book is vol. 4 of Psychological Perspectives on Lesbian and

                                                            Gay Issues.


Haddock, Geoffrey; Zanna, Mark P.; and Esses, Victoria M.

     “Assessing the Structure of Prejudicial Attitudes: The Case of Attitudes toward

     Homosexuals.”  Journal of Personality & Social Psychology 65(6) (1993):


                             Lead author at a British university, Canadian-trained.


Hainsworth, Jeremy.

                        “Gay Man Attacked in Vancouver: Suspect Charged in Brutal Assault.”

                        Xtra! [Toronto], October 9. 2008, p. 15.

                                                Gay press items are normally not included in the bibligraphy.

Compiler comment: This exceptional inclusion is not meant to suggest

that gay bashing has become a rare or unusual occurrence. On the contrary,

inclusion points out that, once again, this crime has occurred, even at a late

date in this list, and that resolution of its causes has yet to be reached in our

society. See Janoff’s Pink Blood and other references elsewhere in the list,

and also references to homophobia in the online Perceptions [Saskatoon]

index, mounted at the “Saskatchewan Resources for Sexual Diversity”

Web site of the University of Saskatchewan Library (or see a print copy of

that  index, held by some libraries).


Hamilton, Shana Valere.

                        “Predictors of Physical and Psychological Abuse among Lesbian and

                        Bisexual Women.”  Ph.D. dissertation, University of Memphis (USA), 2005.

                        (89 p.; ISBN 9780542459962)

                                                “This study included 783 LB (lesbian and bisexual) women in

                                                same-sex relationships.  Participants were required to meet several

                                                criteria…[including that they be] residents of either the United States or

                                                Canada….” – from abstract, ProQuest Dissertations & Theses, ProQuest

                                                document ID 1042523371; Publication no. AAt 3199470.



Hannon, Gerald.

              “Gay Face of Murder Victim.”  Now [Toronto], vol. 20, no. 22, issue 994,

        February 1-7, 2001, p. 19.


Harris, Michael, 1948-

     Unholy Orders: Tragedy at Mount Cashel.  Toronto: Penguin, 1991, c1990.

     (386 p.; ISBN 014013929X)

                             Mount Cashel Orphanage, St. John’s, Nfld., and child sexual abuse.

                             The user is asked to keep in mind the clear difference between

       pederasty (which is primarily other-sex, and not same-sex) on the

       one hand, and consensual adult sex (both hetero- and homosexual).


Harrison, Spencer J.

                        “The Queer Project: The Distance between History and Truth.”

                        M.A. thesis, Trent University, 2002.

                        (223 p.)

                                                Ref.: AMICUS catalogue record no. 28545184, which notes descriptors

                                                Gay men – Crimes against – Canada and Lesbians – Crimes against –



Hate Activities: Communities Can Respond.  Toronto: Community Advisory

       Committee on Anti-Hate and Anti-Racism, 1996.

       (90 p.)

                     Broader than scope of this bibliography.  Includes issues of racism

                     and homophobia.


Hate Bias Crime Statistical Report. 

     Toronto: Toronto Police Service, Hate Crime Unit  (annual)

                             Title varies slightly and often begins with the year. For example,

                             2002 Hate Bias Crime Statistical Report ; 2001 Annual Hate/Bias

                             Crime Statistical Report.  Broader than scope of this bibliography,

                             but includes reported hate crimes concerning “sexual orientation.”

                             2002 report gives table of incidents reported annually since 1993.


Hay, Eldon.

       “Homophobia in a Small Town.”  Journal of Comparative Sociology and

     Ethics, 1996-1997, 23-24, 28-36.

                             Citation presented exactly as it appears in Sociological

       Abstracts (accession no. 9713917).  Compiler uncertain if 23-24 is

pagination or issue numbers, and was unable to verify.

                             “Examines the ways in which religious institutions both resist

                             & reinforce cultural norms & taboos.  A case study is presented that

                             focuses on the debate over the ordination of self-professed homosexuals

                             in the United Church of Canada.  Editorials are presented from the

                             Sackville Tribune-Post, published in Sackville, New Brunswick…”—

                     from Sociological Abstracts.


Hellquist, Gens.

                        “God’s Not on Their Side.”  Briarpatch 32(5) (June 2003): 31+

                        (2 pages; 1264 words)

                                                Ref.: CPI.Q index, which notes that this concerns homophobia and



Hellquist, Gens.

               “Victims of Homophobia.”  Briarpatch [Saskatchewan] 18(8) (Oct. 1989): 17-18.


Holmes, Cindy Lee.

            “The Politics of Naming Violence: Examining Constructions of ‘Lesbian Abuse’ in

               Community-Based Educational Discourses.”  M.A. thesis, University of

            Toronto, 2000.

               (160 p.)


“Homophobia a Top Student Concern.”  Vancouver Sun, March 18, 2000, p. A5.

                                    Ref. CBCA FullText Education electronic index.

                                    Named bodies: British Columbia Teachers’ Federation;

                     Surrey School Board.


“Hospital Sets Up Gay Bashing Rx Program.”  Medical Post 33(1) (Jan. 7, 1997): 43.

                             About a Toronto hospital.


Huebner, D. M.; Rebchook, G. M.; and Kegeles, S. M.

                        “Experiences of Harassment, Discrimination, and Physical Violence among

                        Young Gay and Bisexual Men.”  Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality

                        13 (3-4) (Fall-Winter 2004): 191+  (2 pages)

                                                From CPI.Q reference: Sex Research Update, Alexander McKay.


Hull, Michael F., 1965-

                        “Gay and Lesbian Responses to Discrimination from Society and Family.”

                        M.A. thesis, York University, 2000.

                        (83 leaves)

                                                Ref.: York University Library catalogue; AMICUS catalogue record

                                                no. 27964199 (1 microfiche), which gives date as 2001 (in record note)


“Hundreds Denounce Gay-Bashing in Toronto: March Focuses on Montreal Killing.”

               Gazette (Montreal), December 21, 1992, p. F8.

                             Yves Lalonde.


Intersyndicale des femmes.

               La violence faite aux femmes dans les milieux de travail: la discrimination faite

               aux lesbiennes: mémoire présenté par l’Intersyndicale des femmes du

               Québec à la Commission des droits de la personne du Québec.  Recherche et

               rédaction, Monique Gauvin.  [S.l.: s.n.], 1993.

               (32 p.)


Janoff, Douglas, 1958-

                        Pink Blood: Homophobic Violence in Canada.  Toronto: University of Toronto

                        Press, c2005.

                        (332 p.; ISBNs 0802087817 and 0802085709)

                                                Also available in French translation as:

                                                Pink blood: la violence homophobe au Canada: essai.  Traduit de

                                                l’anglais sous la direction de Diane Archambault.  Montréal :

                                                Triptyque, 2007  (411 p.; ISBN 9782890315990; AMICUS catalogue

                                                record no. 33443139)

                                                NOTE that English version was entered in earlier Gay Canada

                                                edition only in annotation to Janoff’s university thesis entry, given below.


Janoff, Douglas Victor.

             “Pink Blood: Queer-Bashing in Canada.”  M.A. thesis, School of Criminology,

            Simon Fraser University, 2000.

            (ca. 233 leaves)


Jewell, Lisa M.

                        “Understanding Prejudice and Discrimination: Heterosexuals’ Motivations for

                        Engaging in Homonegativity Directed toward Gay Men.”  M.A. thesis,

                        University of Saskatchewan, 2007.

                                                Ref.: AMICUS catalogue record no. 33859974, which provides electronic

                                                address for document (given below) and also abstract.


(viewed September 30, 2008)


Kelner, Greg.

               Homophobic Assault: A Study of Anti-Gay Violence.  Winnipeg: published

               for Gays for Equality by the Council on Homosexuality and Religion, 1983.

               (87 p.)


Kendall, Christopher N.

                        “Gay Male Pornography and Sexual Violence: A Sex Equality Perspective on

                        Gay Male Rape and Partner Abuse.”  McGill Law Journal 49(4) (Oct. 2004):

                        877+  (47 pages)

                                                Ref.: Expanded Academic ASAP index.


Khayatt, Didi.

                        “What’s to Fear: Calling Homophobia into Question.”  McGill Journal of

                        Education 41(2)(Spring 2006): 133-144.

                                                “…interplay between gender and sexuality.  In particular, it looks at some

                                                reasons why mainstream society cannot bear homosexuality, or any

                                                expression of resistance to heteronormativity….”

                                                Ref.: ERIC document no. EJ768614


“The Kiddie-Porn Ring That Wasn’t: The Citizens of London, Ontario Were

               Horrified When Police Announced They Had Cracked a Case in which a

              Group of Homosexual Men Were Sexually Exploiting Children for Profit, but

               within the Gay Community, Word Soon Got Out That the Situation Was Not

               What It Seemed.”  Globe and Mail [Metro ed.], March 11, 1995, pp. D1, D5.


“Killing Renews Call for Gay Rights.”  Globe and Mail [Metro ed.], March 1, 1995,

               p. A4.

                             Richard Niquette in Quebec.


Kirkland, Kevin, H., 1963-

                        Abuse in Gay Male Relationships: A Discussion Paper.

                        Ottawa: National Clearinghouse on Family Violence, c2004.

                        (21 p.; ISBN 0662379764)

                                                Ref.: AMICUS catalogue record no. 33400390.

                                                Also issued in French under title: La violence des gais dans leurs

                                                relations intimes, un document de travail.


Kuehn, Larry.

            “Homophobic Taunts Lead to Human Rights Award.”  Our Schools/Our Selves

            12(1)(Fall 2002): 15-16.

                                    British Columbia Human Rights Commission and a student

                                    harassment issue.


Lafond, Josée S., et Steben, Marc.

               “Concepts d’homophobie et d’hétérosexisme.”  Le Médecin du Québec 28(9)

               (sept. 1993): 43-50.


Landolt, Monica A., and Dutton, Donald G.

            “Power and Personality: An Analysis of Gay Male Intimate Abuse.”

            Sex Roles 37 (5-6) (Sept. 1997): 335-359.

                                    Author affiliation: University of British Columbia.


Looysen, Chelsea.

                        “Someone You Love Is Gay : Inclusive Legislation Has Stirred Up the High

                        Volume Homophobes, Which Has Silenced Many of the Oppressed and Their

                        Supporters.”  Briarpatch 33(5) (June 2004): 16+  (3 pages; 1319 words)

                                                Ref.: CPI.Q index.


Lowes, Carol.

                        “Hate Speech Quandary: Christians Divided over Amendment That Seeks

                        to Protect Gays.”  Christianity Today [United States] 48(7) (July 2004): 18.

                                                Ref.: CPI.Q index.

                                                Concerns passage of Bill C-250 by Parliament (for reference to

which see LAW section, Year 2004 at “Criminal Code (hate propaganda)” entry)


Le Rougetel, Amanda.

               “Violence in Lesbian Relationships: A Double Invisibility: An Interview with

               Sally Papso.”  Healthsharing [Toronto] 14(1) (Spring/Summer 1993): 27-29.


“Leo Anthony Mantha.”  In They Were Hanged, pp. [95], 97-114.  By Alan Hustak.

            Toronto: J. Lorimer, 1987.

            (ISBN 1550280163; 1550280147)

                             Photo (face) of Mantha on p. [95].


“Lesbians and Homophobia : [excerpt from ‘Multiple Roles, Multiple Voices:

               A Survey of Yukon Women: Their Concerns, Their Priorities’].”

               Canadian Woman Studies 14(4) (1994): 26  (666 words).


“Liquor Charges Stayed in Lesbian Bathhouse Case.”  Globe and Mail [Metro ed.],

            February 1, 2002, p. A17 (284 words).

                                    Named persons: Rachel Aitcheson; Jill Hornick.

                                    See also earlier article: “Women Charged in Lesbian-Bathhouse Raid Ask

For Stay,”  Globe and Mail [Metro ed.], October 23, 2001, p. A18 (351 words)


Luhtanen, Melissa L.

                        “Domestic Violence in Same-sex Relationships. ”  Law Now [Edmonton] 31(3)

                        (January 2007): 18-19.


Lunny, Allyson M.

                        “Provocation and ‘Homosexual’ Advance: Masculinized Subjects as Threat,

                        Masculinized Subjects under Threat.”  Social & Legal Studies 12(3) (Sept. 2003):



MacAulay, Donna; Chesley, Laurie; and Ristock, Janice.

“Coming Out about Violence.”  Broadside: A Feminist Review 10(5)

               (Aug./Sept. 1989): 14.

                             Includes homosexuality, according to indexing descriptor.


MacDonald, Gayle.

                        “Prom Queen Offices Trashed: Producers at Tapestry Pictures Fear the Vandalism

                        Is Linked to Its TV Movie about a Gay Teenager Who Won the Right to Bring

                        His Partner to a Catholic School Dance.”  Globe & Mail [Toronto], May 27, 2004,

                        p. R1.

                                                Ref.: CPI.Q index.


MacPherson, M. Louise.

            “Abuse of Power in Lesbian Relationships: Feminist Therapists Perspectives.”

            M.S.W. project, Maritime School of Social Work, Dalhousie University, 1992.

            (ca. 181 leaves)


McCoy, Marcia E.

“Predictors of Recidivism in a Population of Canadian Sex Offenders:

               Psychological, Physiological, and Offence Factors.”  Ph.D. dissertation,

               University of Ottawa, 1997.

               (215 p.)

                             This investigation analyzes data in several ways, including in terms

                             of heterosexuality and homosexuality.


Mesbur, Lisa.

“Queer Women Take Action: Homophobic Attack in Vancouver.”

               Kinesis, May 1996, p. 5.

                             Steven Myskew case.


Meyer, Fiona.

            “The Two-Spirit Papers : The Impact of Heterosexism and Homophobia on Inuit

and First Nations Peoples’ Lives.”  M.Sw. research report, School of Social Work,

McGill University, 1998.

            (ca. 65 leaves)

                             Ref.: AMICUS catalogue record no. 24540976.


Mitchell, Penni.

                        “Real on Steroids.”  Herizons 20(1) (Summer 2006): 5  (622 words)

                                                Ref.: CPI.Q index.

                                                Concerns REAL Women of Canada, an anti-gay, anti-liberal group.   


Moore, Dawn, and Rennie, Angus MacLean.

                        “Hated Identities: Queers and Canadian Anti-hate Legislation.”

                        Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice 48(5) (Sept. 2006):


                                                Ref.: CSA Sociological Abstracts, which notes: “…explores two

                                                ‘gay bashings,’ the murders of Alain Brosseau & Aaron Webster.  In

                                                both cases, we argue that the application of anti-hate crime legislation

                                                reveals the troubling nature of attempts to legally fix sexual identities….”


Moran, Leslie J.

                        “The Emotional Dimensions of Lesbian and Gay Demands for Hate Crime

                        Reform.”  McGill Law Journal 49(4) (Oct. 2004): 925+  (25 pages)

                                                Refs.: Expanded Academic ASAP index and LegalTrac index.

From LegalTrac abstract: “Recognition of the emotions underscoring a

demand for law challenges the foundational assumption about the nature

of law...[as] quintessentially associated with reason and rationality.”


Morrison, Melanie.

                        “Further Construct Validation of the Modern Homonegativity Scale (MHS):

                        Advancing the Case of Modern Prejudice toward Gay Men and Lesbian Women.”

                        Ph.D. thesis, University of Ottawa, 2003.

                        (160 leaves; ISBN 0612793109)

                                                Ref.: AMICUS record nos. 30508545 and 30508396 (microfiche)


Muzychka, Martha.

“Homophobia in Our Organizations.”  Herizons 6(3) (1992): 12.


Neuman, Mallory.

“Beyond the Closet Door: The Impact of Homophobia on the Lesbian Family.”

               MSW thesis, University of Manitoba, 1996.

               (187 p.)

                             “About the ways in which thirteen families with lesbian mothers deal

                             with the impact of social homophobia” – abstract from Canadian Research



Nicholson, John.

“Defence of Alleged Paedophiles: Why Do We Need to Bother?”  In Paedophilia:

               Policy and Prevention, pp. 44-59.  Edited by M. James.  Griffith, ACT,

               Australia: Australian Institute of Criminology, 1997.

                             Article “outlines the Holistic Circle Healing Program, which is used in

                             Hollow Water, a small village of about six hundred people, most of whom

                             are Aborigines, in Manitoba….It is estimated that 80 per cent of the

population of that community, male and female alike [compiler’s

emphasis], have been the victims of sexual abuse…” – NISC Gay &

Lesbian Abstracts.

                             Available also in various electronic archives, including:

                    . Other sources

                             in the abstract.


O’Brien, Karol and Bordeleau, Suzie.

                        “La violence conjugale chez les lesbiennes: l’expérience d’un groupe

                        communautaire québécois.”  Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health

                        22(2) (Fall 2003): 123-134.


Ohi, Kevin.

            “Molestation 101.”  GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies 6(2)

            (June 2000): 195  (53 pages).

                                    “Using the Canadian film ‘The Boys of St. Vincent’ as an example, the

                                    inclusion of homophobia in the reaction to child abuse is examined” –

                                    from Expanded Academic ASAP index.


“Opening Doors on Gay Partner Abuse.”  Globe and Mail, July 29, 1993, p. A11.


“Ottawa Leads In Pride, But Trails in Tolerance.”  Globe and Mail [Metro ed.],

            October 24, 2002, p. A2.


“Overcoming the Final Prejudice.”  Globe and Mail, November 8, 1990, p. A22.

                             Enriched title: “Why Do So Many People Still Connect Homosexuality

                             with Pedophilia?”


Oziewicz, Estanislao.

              “Professor’s Death a Hard Case.”  Globe and Mail [Metro ed.], February 3, 2001,

               p. A24.

                             About murder of David Buller at University of Toronto.  See also the

                             reference immediately following and the Hannon citation, in this section.


Oziewicz, Estanislao.

              “U of T  Professor Found Dead.”  Globe and Mail, January 20, 2001, p. A23.

                             Murder of David Buller, an artist and fine-arts lecturer.  There is

                             reference made to “homoerotic icons” and “playful male sexuality”

                             in his work.  See especially the Hannon article with regard to

                             journalistic considerations.


Papy, Jacques.

                        “Les limites de la notion d’ ‘orientation sexuelle’ dans la protection des

                        communautés LGBT contre la discrimination.”  LL.M. thesis, McGill University,


                        (98 leaves)

                                                Ref.: AMICUS catalogue record no. 34153931, which notes that work

                                                written for the Institute of Comparative Law.


Pelland, Ginette, 1949-

                        L’homophobie: un comportement hétérosexuel contre nature: le débat actuel, le

                        survol historique, les préjugés. Montréal : Québec Amérique, c2005.

                        (201 p.; ISBN 2764404131)


Petersen, Cynthia.

              “A Queer Response to Bashing: Legislating against Hate.”  Queen’s Law Journal

               16 (Summer 1991): 237-260.


La peur de l’autre en soi : du sexisme à l’homophobie.  Sous la direction de Daniel

                        Welzer-Lang, Pierre Dutey et Michel Dorais.  Montréal : VLB, 1994.

                        (302 p.; ISBN 2890055876)


Picard, André.

            “Hate Slaying of Gay Man Stuns Montreal: Police Charge Four Neo-Nazi

            Skinheads.”  Globe and Mail, December 4, 1992, p. A1.

                                    Yves Lalonde, engineer, murdered.  Article concludes that

                                    “Mr. Lalonde’s death serves as a reminder that at least a half-

                                    dozen gay men have been killed in Montreal during the past year,

and all those cases remain unsolved.”


“The Politics of Gay-Bashing [on the police force].”  Atlantic Insight 8(10)

              (Oct. 1986): 12.

                             Police; gays; Nova Scotia.


Pope, Al.

                        “Spongebob Squarepants, Pro-homosexual Propagandist.”  Canadian Dimension

                        39(3) (May-June 2005): 7  (1 page; 701 words)

                                                Apparently James Dobson of the fundamentalist Christian group, Focus on

                                                the Family, is convinced of a gay plot to convert children to

                                                homosexuality through use of various TV cartoon characters, including

                                                Spongebob Squarepants.


Prisoners of Violence: Domestic Violence against Same-sex Partners.

            SEE VIDEOS section of this list.


Québec (Province). Commission des droits de la personne du Québec.  Comité de


De l’illégalité à l’égalité: rapport de la consultation publique sur la violence

               et la discrimination envers les gais et lesbiennes.  Montréal:  la Commission,


               (162 p.; ISBN 2550294378)

                             Président du Comité de consultation: Fo Niemi.

                             An excerpted version in English published under title:

                             From Illegality to Equality: Report on the Public Consultation on Violence

                             and Discrimination against Gays and Lesbians: Excerpts.  1994.

                             (26 p.; ISBN 2550294386)

                             See also Suivi des recommandations du rapport De l’illégalité à l’égalite.

                             Rédigé par Fo Niemi et al.  Montréal: Commission des droits de la

                             personne et des droits de la jeunesse, 1996.  (78 p.; ISBN 2550255828)


Québec (Province). Conseil permanent de la jeunesse.

                        Sortons l’homophobie du placard – et de nos écoles secondaires. 

                        Recherche et rédaction, Lorraine Fournier; comité de travail, Sophie Paquet…

                        et al.; collaboration, Danielle Gagnon, Francine Griffith.  Québec : Conseil

                        permanent de la jeunesse, c2007.

                        (128 p.; ISBN 9782550497462)

                                                Ref. : AMICUS catalogue record no. 34310461, which notes that work

                                                also available on the Internet. A second AMICUS record, no. 34013045,

                                                is for an electronic version “restricted to subscribing institutions.”

                                                Descriptors concern service in Quebec to adolescent homosexuals and

                                                prevention of homophobia in Quebec secondary schools.


“Queer Fear: Such Are the Daily Lives of Gay Men and Lesbians.”  Globe and

               Mail [Metro ed.], October 24, 1998, pp. D1, D3.


Racism, Sexism and Homophobism: Managing Harassment in the Workplace:

             A Guide for Those Who Wish to Respond Effectively to Harassment.

            Winnipeg, Man.: Cross Cultural Communications International, 1992.

            (178 p.; ISBN 1895631076)

                                    Broader than subject of bibliography.  Degree of relevance not



Rand, David.

“Outing Hatred: An Inquiry Probes the Roots of 15 Anti-Gay Murders in Quebec.”

              This Magazine 27(7) (March 1994): 7  (453 words).


Rau, Krishna.

                        “Hate Crimes Laws Ineffective: Sentences Are No Deterrent to Bashers.”

                        Xtra! [Toronto], October 9, 2008, p. 13.

                                                A “Local News” item in this Toronto glbt newspaper, which notes:

                                                “Police forces may be encouraging gays to report hate crimes, but even the

             cops say the courts aren’t using the laws to their full extent.”


“Reasons Hard to Find on Why Boys Murdered Gay.”  Vancouver Sun,

December 4, 1985, p. E7.

                             Murder of Kenneth Zeller in Toronto.


Removing Barriers + Building Access: A Resource Manual on Providing Culturally

                        Relevant Services to Lesbian, Gay, Transgender and Bisexual Victims of

                        Violence.  Vancouver, BC: LGBT Centre, c2004.

                        (1 vol. (various pagings))

                                                Ref. : AMICUS catalogue record no. 33940434.


Renzetti, Claire M.

            “Violence in Lesbian Relationships: A Preliminary Analysis of Causal Factors.”

            Journal of Interpersonal Violence 3(4) (Dec. 1988): 381-399.

                                    “Questionnaire data from 100 lesbian victims from the US & Canada” –

                                    Sociological Abstracts.


“Report Documents Gay-Bashing: Toronto Homosexuals Face Alarming Odds

of Physical, Verbal Abuse.”  Globe and Mail [Metro ed.], June 25, 1997,

               p. A8.


Report of the National Planning Meeting on Hate Crime and Bias Activity.

            Prepared by the Pearson-Shoyama Institute for the Honourable Hedy Fry, Secretary

            of State, Multiculturalism/Status of Women.  Ottawa, Ont.: Canadian Heritage,


            (70 p.)

                             Broader than scope of this bibliography.


Ristock, Janice L.

“‘And Justice for All?’: The Social Context of Legal Responses to Abuse in

               Lesbian Relationships.”  Canadian Journal of Women and the Law 7(2)

               (1994): 415-430.


Ristock, Janice L.

“Beyond Ideologies: Understanding Violence in Lesbian Relationships.”

               Canadian Woman Studies 12(1) (1991): 74-79.


Ristock, Janice L.

            “The Cultural Politics of Abuse in Lesbian Relationships: Challenges for

            Community Action.”  In Subtle Sexism: Current Practice and Prospects

            for Change, pp. 279-296.  Edited by Nijole Vaicaitis Benokraitis.

            Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997.

                                    Author affiliation: University of Manitoba.

                                    “Shows that community action can be effective in diminishing some of

                                    the subtle and blatant discrimination that many lesbians encounter” –

                                    from book, as quoted in PsycINFO.


Ristock, Janice L.

            “Decentering Heterosexuality: Responses of Feminist Counselors to Abuse in

            Lesbian Relationships.”  Women & Therapy 23(3)(2001): 59-72.

                                    “Reports on research involving eight focus group discussions

                                    with 70 feminist counselors who respond in their work to

                                    abuse in lesbian relationships” – from Sociological Abstracts


                                    Author affiliation: University of Manitoba, Women’s Studies



Ristock, Janice L.

            No More Secrets: Violence in Lesbian Relationships.  New York: Routledge, 2002.

            (226 p.; ISBN 0415929458; 0415929466)

                                    Ref.: AMICUS prepublication record no. 25482897

                                    Author biography on University of Manitoba website (February 2002)

                                    mentions also that she is editing a special 2003 issue of the Canadian

                                    Journal of Community Mental Health that will be titled: “Disrupting

                                    Normalcy: Lesbian, Gay, Queer Issues and Mental Health.”

                                    Review: Xtra! [Toronto], February 7, 2002, p. 28.


Ristock, Janice.

                        “Taking Off the Gender Lens in Women’s Studies: Queering Violence Against

                        Women.”  Canadian Woman Studies 24(2-3) (Winter/Spring 2005): 65-69.

                                                Ref.: CBCA index.


Roberts, Julian V.

Disproportionate Harm: Hate Crime in Canada: An Analysis of Recent

               Statistics.  Ottawa, Ont.: Department of Justice Canada, Policy Sector,

               Research, Statistics & Evaluation Directorate, 1995.

               (89 p.; Microlog no. 97-01285, 2 fiche)

                             Broader than scope of this bibliography.  “The purpose of this

                             report is to collect information on the incidence of hate crimes,

                             summarizing data from three sources: several police services across

                             Canada, B’nai Brith of Canada, and gay/lesbian community groups….”

                             Includes review of “hate crime data from the United States, United

                             Kingdom, and Canada….Appendices include tables of hate crime

                             statistics” –abstract from Canadian Research Index.


Robinson, Svend.

                        “Antihate Laws Must Shield Gays.”  Globe and Mail [Toronto], May 27, 2003,

                        p. A19  (817 words)

                                                Ref.: CPI.Q index.


Royal Commission of Inquiry into the Response of the Newfoundland Criminal

            Justice System to Complaints.

            Report.  St. John’s, Nfld.: The Commission, 1991.

            (2 volumes; ISBN 0920769861)

                                    Vol. 1: Report – Vol. 2: Appendices.

                                    S.H.S. Hughes, Commissioner, investigated complaints against the Mount

Cashel Orphanage and about sexual abuse of young people by Roman

Catholic clergy.  See also the VIDEOS section for The Boys of St. Vincent.


Saewyc, Elizabeth M., et al.

                        “Hazards of Stigma: The Sexual and Physical Abuse of Gay, Lesbian, and

                        Bisexual Adolescents in the United States and Canada.”  Child Welfare 85(2)

                        (March-April 2006): 195-213.

                                                This periodical issue is special issue: LGBTQ Youth in Child Welfare.


Samis, Stephen Michael.

“An Injury to One Is an Injury to All: Heterosexism, Homophobia, and Anti-

               Gay/Lesbian Violence in Greater Vancouver.”  MA thesis, Simon Fraser

               University, 1995.

               (151 p.)

                             “Assesses the nature and extent of anti-lesbian/gay violence, using the

                             results of a 1994 survey of 420 lesbians, gay men and bisexuals in

                             Greater Vancouver….The survey data reveal that the vast majority…

                             have faced some form of discrimination or harassment or have been

                             bashed due to their sexual orientation.”  Looks at who are most likely

                             victims.  “Largest and most comprehensive examination of homophobic

                             violence in Canada to date [of study]” – abstract from Canadian Research



Sarna, Shirley.

            “It’s Not OK To Be Anti-Gay.”  Outlook 40(6)(Nov./Dec. 2002): 17, 40.

                                    Ref.: CBCA electronic index, which applies “youth” as one



Schellenberg, E. Glenn; Keil, Janet Mantler; and Bem, Sandra Lipsitz.

              “‘Innocent Victims’ of AIDS: Identifying the Subtext.”  Journal of Applied

            Social Psychology 25(20) (Oct. 1995): 1790-1800.

                                    Subjects “who identified the subtext had more positive attitudes toward

                                    homosexuals than other respondents” – from PsycINFO abstract.


Shein, Brian.

              “Gay-Bashing in High Park [Toronto].”  Toronto Life, April 1986,

               pp. 37-39, 64-69.


Sheridan, Peter Michael.

                        “Judgements of Responsibility, Pleasure, and Trauma in Sexual Assault of

                        Gay Men and Lesbians.”  Ph.D. thesis, York University, 2005.

                                                “…investigated the effect of participant homophobia, participant gender,

                                                victim gender, victim sexual orientation, and type of relationship on

                                                judgements about victims and perpetrators of sexual assault….”

                                                Ref.: AMICUS catalogue record no. 33506933, which carries lengthy



Smith, Carolyn Gibson.

            “Proud But Cautious”: Homophobic Abuse and Discrimination in Nova Scotia.

            Halifax, N.S.: Nova Scotia Public Interest Research Group, 1993 (or 1994?).

               (57 p.)


Somerville, Margaret.

The user might wish to examine the Girard article from the Toronto Star and two

works of Somerville, all three referenced in the SOCIOLOGY section in the



Sortir ses couleurs: diversité sexuelle et ethnoculturelle: actes des colloques des 29 mai et

                        24 juillet 2004 et du 18 mars 2005 : organisé en partenariat avec Égale Canada et

                        Patrimoine canadien = Out in color.  Montréal: Association canadienne pour la

                        santé mentale, Filiale de Montréal, [2006?].

                        (127 p.; ISBN 2921948249)

                                                Ref. : AMICUS catalogue record no. 32248163, which notes that text is in

                                                English and French and applies descriptors of Minority gays,

                                                Homophobia, and Race discrimination.


Stanley, Jessica L.

                        “Exploring the Nature of Childhood Sexual Abuse in Gay and Bisexual Men.”

                        M.A. thesis, Simon Fraser University, 2002.

                        (53 leaves)

                                                Ref.: AMICUS catalogue no. 27347837.


Stermac, Lana, et al.

“Sexual Assault of Adult Males.”  Journal of Interpersonal Violence 11(1)

               (March 1996): 52-64.

                             “Sexual assaults against adult males presenting to a crisis unit in a

                             large metropolitan area.  Most victims were young gay men, many of

                             whom had physical or cognitive disabilities…” – NISC Gay & Lesbian


                             Compiler can not vouch for Canadian content, but indexer has applied

                             geographic descriptor “Canada” to article.


Suivi des recommandations du rapport De l’illégalité à l’égalité.

        SEE note to entry at Québec (Province). Commission des droits…, in this section.


“Toronto Hospital Addresses Gay Bashing.”  Canadian Medical Association Journal

            155(1)(1996): 89.


Tremblay, Pierre, et al.

“Rhetorique de la survictimisation: une étude de cas: le ‘Village gai’.”

               Canadian Journal of Criminology 40(1) (Jan. 1998): 1-25.

                             Includes reply.


Une violence doublement invisible: quelques pistes de réflexion sur la violence dans

les relations amoureuses.  Directrice de projet, Lyne Bouchard; rédactrice, Denise

               Veilleux.  Ottawa, Ont.: Collective lesbienne de l’Ontario, 1998.

               (69 p.; ISBN 2922448002)


“Violence Prompts Response from Gays [in Winnipeg].”  Globe and Mail,

               August 29, 1991, p. A4.


Weiner, Marcia.

            “Working with Partners of Sexual Abuse Survivors.”    

            Toronto: Source RE Source, 1992.

            (1 sound cassette; ca. 90 min.)

                                    No More Secrets Conference, Toronto, 1992.

                                    “A psychologist with 30 years in practice explains the nitty-

                                    gritty of working in therapy with the partners of abused persons,

                                    both gay and straight.”

                                    Ref.: OCLC catalog record, accession no. 48598300


Welzer-Lang, Daniel.

            SEE La peur de l’autre en soi


When Your Partner Has Been Sexually Abused: A Guide for Partners.

Vancouver: Family Services of Greater Vancouver, Vancouver-Richmond Incest

               & Sexual Abuse Centre;  Ottawa, Ont.: Health Canada, Family Violence

               Prevention Division, 1994.  (Sexual Abuse Information Series II / Canada.

               Health Canada  and Family Services of Greater Vancouver)

               (18, 18 p.; Microlog no. 99-02895, 1 fiche)

                             “This booklet is written for people in heterosexual and homosexual

                             relationships whose partners were sexually abused as young children or

                             teenagers” – abstract in Canadian Research Index.


“While Vancouver Gays Celebrate, Beatings Still Taking Terrible Toll.”

               Vancouver Sun, August 6, 1991, p. B3.


White, Caroline.

                        “Re/defining Gender and Sex: Educating for Trans, Transsexual, and Intersex

                        Access and Inclusion to Sexual Assault Centres and Transition Houses.”

                        M.A. thesis, University of British Columbia, 2002.


White, Caroline, and Goldberg, Joshua.

                        “Expanding Our Understanding of Gendered Violence: Violence against Trans

                        People and Their Loved Ones.”  Canadian Woman Studies 25(1/2) (Winter 2006):